Rainbow Network Cambridge
             -   Home  -
World Peace Pages
Summaries
9/11 links below

Say what you want, but this war is illegal - by MICHAEL MANDEL
(October 9, 2001)


Summary of this page:
A well-kept secret about the U.S.-U.K. attack on Afghanistan is, that it is clearly illegal. It violates international law and the express words of the United Nations Charter. The right of unilateral self-defence does not include the right to retaliate once an attack has stopped. Since the United States and Britain have undertaken this attack without the explicit authorization of the Security Council, those who die from it will be victims of a crime against humanity. We may come to rememberSeptember 11, not for its human tragedy, but for the beginning of a headlong plunge into a violent, lawless world.

- - - rainbow line - - -

MICHAEL MANDEL is Professor of law at Osgoode Hall Law School, Toronto.
Globe and Mail - Tuesday, October 9, 2001

A well-kept secret about the U.S.-U.K. attack on Afghanistan is, that it is clearly illegal. It violates international law and the express words of the United Nations Charter.

Despite repeated reference to the right of self-defence under Article 51, the Charter simply does not apply here. Article 51 gives a state the right to repel an attack that is ongoing or imminent as a temporary measure until the UN Security Council can take steps necessary for international peace and security.

The Security Council has already passed two resolutions condemning the Sept. 11 attacks and announcing a host of measures aimed at combating terrorism. These include measures for the legal suppression of terrorism and its financing, and for co-operation between states in security, intelligence, criminal investigations and proceedings relating to terrorism. The Security Council has set up a committee to monitor progress on the measures in the resolution and has given all states 90 days to report back to it.

Neither resolution can remotely be said to authorize the use of military force. True, both, in their preambles, abstractly "affirm" the inherent right of self-defence, but they do so "in accordance with the Charter." They do not say military action against Afghanistan would be within the right of self-defence. Nor could they. That's because the right of unilateral self-defence does not include the right to retaliate once an attack has stopped.

The right of self-defence in international law is like the right of self-defence in our own law: It allows you to defend yourself when the law is not around, but it does not allow you to take the law into your own hands.

Since the United States and Britain have undertaken this attack without the explicit authorization of the Security Council, those who die from it will be victims of a crime against humanity, just like the victims of the Sept. 11 attacks.

Even the Security Council is only permitted to authorize the use of force where "necessary to maintain and restore international peace and security." Now it must be clear to everyone that the military attack on Afghanistan has nothing to do with preventing terrorism. This attack will be far more likely to provoke terrorism. Even the Bush administration concedes that the real war against terrorism is long term, a combination of improved security, intelligence and a rethinking of U.S. foreign alliances.

CLIP

But, you might ask, does legality matter in a case like this? You bet it does. Without the law, there is no limit to international violence but the power, ruthlessness and cunning of the perpetrators. Without the international legality of the UN system, the people of the world are sidelined in matters of our most vital interests.

We are all at risk from what happens next. We must insist that Washington make the case for the necessity, rationality and proportionality of this attack in the light of day before the real international community.

The bombing of Afghanistan is the legal and moral equivalent of what was done to the Americans on Sept. 11. We may come to remember that day, not for its human tragedy, but for the beginning of a headlong plunge into a violent, lawless world.

 

- - - rainbow line - - -

 

contact & e-mail details - top of page

World Peace Pages - home    |    Summary contents    |    Do you value the information & inspiration on this page?
Doubts: Planes & Air Force | Early warnings | Bombs in the World Trade Center? | Detailed list of questions
Understanding: US History | Inspiring thoughts | Why the US is hated | Money and War | US-UK. attack violates law | Opium Connection | Islam and Terrorism?
Foreknowledge: Events Time Line | The Oil | Stock indicator | CIA & FBI
End of Freedom? Media in Conflict | FEMA - Secret Government | Bush and 1984 | End of Freedom | US and Fourth Reich | US Critic William Cooper Killed | PC virus
Uncovering the Truth: Terror & Mass Persuasion by William Thomas | Real Perpetrators behind Sept 11 | Mike Ruppert's Expose 'Government Complicity' | Anthrax Manupulation | Ralph's Prediction
What to do? Concentrate on love & peace | Gandhi about Nonviolence | 100 Nobel Laureates Warn | ACTION & events | Comment | Truth Appeal
More: UK Situation | Peace Letters | Spiritual Wisdom | Links | About Ralph
other PEACE related sites on Ra in bo w Network Cambridge / UK:
Special Events | Cambridge Inter-Faith Group | Dances of Universal Peace | An Open Letter from God | Spiritual and meditation groups | International peace meditation | Prayers and Invocations

[This page is www.rainbow-cambridge.org.uk/peace/illegal.htm ]

World Peace Pages - home    |    Summary contents    |    9 / 11 Updates    |    Do you value the information on this page?
Doubts: Planes & Air Force | Early warnings | Bombs in the World Trade Center? | Detailed list of questions
Understanding: US History | Inspiring thoughts | Why the US is hated | Money and War | US-UK. attack violates law | Opium Connection | Islam and Terrorism?
Foreknowledge: Events Time Line | The Oil | Stock indicator | CIA & FBI
End of Freedom? Media in Conflict | FEMA - Secret Government | Bush and 1984 | End of Freedom | US and Fourth Reich | US Critic William Cooper Killed | PC virus
Uncovering the Truth: Terror & Mass Persuasion by William Thomas | Real Perpetrators behind Sept 11 | Mike Ruppert's Expose 'Government Complicity' | Anthrax Manupulation | Ralph's Prediction
What to do? Concentrate on love & peace | Gandhi about Nonviolence | 100 Nobel Laureates Warn | ACTION & events | Comment | Truth Appeal
More: UK Situation | Peace Letters | Spiritual Wisdom | 9/11 Links | Ralph & Peace
More PEACE on Ra in bo w Network Cambridge / UK | ABOUT the Rainbow Network
Special Events | Spiritual Web Page | Healing & Health Page | Environmental Page | Cambridge Inter-Faith Group | Dances of Universal Peace
An Open Letter from God | International peace meditation | Prayers and Invocations

View Stats Rainbow Network - - View Stats 9/11 World Peace